Orientation and Target
Aiming at the frontier of international biomedical engineering technology and the demand of domestic biomedical engineering industry, the college has concentrated on the strategic, forward-looking and innovative research of biomedical information detection and processing, biomedical instruments, especially neural information detection and so on.
To intensify the teaching staff construction, build complete cultivation system of talents, and improve the talents cultivation quality; to further elevate the capacity for scientific research, so as to serve the socio-economic development of minority areas; endeavor to enhance academic performance of discipline, building this discipline to have bigger influence in domestic discipline.
Advantages and Features
The disciplinary has a long history for construction. In the middle 1980s, it implemented the research on biomagnetism, and obtained the first human magnetocardiogram of relatively complete in China. And then it gradually expands to biomedical engineering related fields of scientific research, as well as the work of personnel training. The subject was awarded the first-class master's degree in biomedical engineering in 1998, cultivating 235 masters in the past 20 years among which nearly 30% come from minority areas, contributing greatly to the social and economic development of minority areas.
Through long-term construction, we have formed a teaching staff of "intersections and comprehensiveness", which is conforming to the discipline characteristics. The discipline now has master and doctor degree programs of existing teachers coming from 7 first-level discipline of science, medicine and engineering respectively, which meets the requirements of discipline construction.
The discipline has a good research foundation. In recent 5 years, it has undertaken 16 projects entrusted by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, including 2 cultivation projects of major national research programs and nearly 30 other research projects; it also has published more than 50 SCI and EI papers, obtained 4 invention patents and 8 public invention patents.
The discipline has established a valuable research platform. It now has built a Key Laboratory of Medical Information Processing in Hubei and a National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Science, which satisfies the requirements of scientific research and talents cultivation.
The discipline allows full play to the role platform, actively promotes the "Interdisciplinary Plan", and explores the nature and variation of biomedical information, gradually forming 4 stable disciplinary directions. It discusses the mechanism of neuropathic pain and opioid induction from the perspective of ion channels and neurotransmitters, and systematically summarizes the characteristics of HCN, K+, Na+ channels in different age groups and different primary sensory neurons. It implements the research on the detection and analysis of EEG and EMG information, and realizes the effective detection and analysis of induced brain signals, with a better applied results in lie detection, brain wave typing and so on; it establishes a brain heuristic computing model of high dimensional information processing and feature extraction, such as static image and dynamic sequence, and successfully applied to the identification of lesion targets in medical images and sequences according to the biological theory of visual system information processing; in combination with electrical, biological and chemical technologies, it conducts a study of biomedical sensors, it prepares a series of nano-composite membrane modified electrodes, develops a fiber optic sensor capable of in vivo multi-parameter detection, and which are successfully applied to the high-sensitive real-time detection of physiological indicators such as NO, dopamine and pO2/pH.
With neural engineering as its core, it explores the basic rules of nerve and nervous system activities, and builds a computational model and application system of simulating nerve system information processing to form its own characteristics from microscopic to macroscopic, and molecular to overall. At the cellular and molecular levels, the mechanisms involved in synapse formation and release of synaptic vesicles are systematically studied, and the model of multimolecular regulation of nerve signaling is perfected. From the macroscopic level, it analyzes the EEG information, proposes the detection method of induced EEG signal that simulates the natural reading mode, and constructs the brain-computer interface based on this mode. Its communication rate reaches the international advanced level, realizing the brainwave typing and the network conversation. As a whole, it simulates the biological mechanism of neural network information processing in the visual cortex dorsal pathway, establishes the high-dimensional dynamic information processing and feature extraction of calculation model, and realizes the human action recognition in video and organs identification in medical image sequence, with the related theory being published in the international important neural network journals and conferences. On account of the good foundation of preliminary research, it has been funded twice by the "visual and auditory cognitive computing" major research program of National Research Foundation of China in recent 5 years.
Students Cultivation Objectives
Adhering to the theory on school management of "Focusing on Quality and Pursuing Innovation", the college commits itself to cultivate high-level compound talents with good political quality and moral cultivation, as well as rigorous and realistic scientific attitude and style, who are proficient in theoretical knowledge of biomedical engineering-related fields, and is able to independently use natural science and modern engineering techniques to carry out researches in biomedical engineering-related fields, and is competent in medical information processing and medical device development so as to adapt to the construction of an innovative country and the social development needs of ethnic minority areas.
Influence at Home and Aboard
As the sole biomedical engineering subject of universities for nationalities in China, it actively carries out the detection, processing and analysis of biological electromagnetic information, and obtains good research results, being determined as a key discipline by the State Ethnic Affairs Commission in 2001. Early this century, it launched a study of brain-computer interface in China, and first came up with the detection method of evoked brain potential (ERP), which simulates natural reading evoked mode, with wide attention paid to it. In recent years, with the deepening research on the analysis of EEG information, the communication speed of the constructed brain-computer interface has reached the international level, and ranked the first four places in several projects in two National Brain-Computer Interface Competitions. In terms of brain heuristic cognitive computing, an information processing framework that simulates the information processing mechanism of visual nerve was constructed, and a computational model of motor feature extraction was established to realize the recognition of pedestrian movements the motion feature extraction calculation model is established to realize the motion recognition of road pedestrians. The researchers were invited to make a keynote speech at the 2015 Chinese Conference on Computer Vision, which attracted the attention of multidisciplinary researchers in China. By experiments, it was found that ZD7288 was not a specific blocker of HCN and was consequently proposed to re-evaluate the role of the HCN channel based on ZD7288, which was valued by the channel research field. In collaboration with the academic group of academician Thomas C. Südhof of Stanford University and others, the group proposes a conservative view of the main functions of complexin protein in the evolution of species, which deepens people's understanding of the working mechanism of the nervous system.